It can happen when there is insufficient blood flow in some part of the body. In case you have wounds, normal blood flow is important for fast healing. Hence, if you have a problem with this body process, then a small wound will have a hard time healing. Once a wound does not heal, it can get infected. Mostly, skin ulcers can happen around the leg area. Also, it can show in some parts like the feet, hips, and back.
One will discover some open round wound. Usually, it starts with a small injury on the skin. However, it can worsen if it does not heal properly. In a serious case, it can become a large and deep wound that reach through muscle tissues. Also, some may even make the bones visible.
- Skin discoloration
- Dry skin
- Blood or pus
- Bad odor
- Hair loss
2. Different Types
Moreover, there are different types of skin ulcers. Anyone can have it no matter what your age is.
This type is small and not deep that you can find at the lower part of the leg. It means that your veins in the legs are not working. Hence, stop blood from going back to the heart. When it happens, it will swell and put pressure on your skin. Therefore, one will have skin ulcers on the legs.
It can happen if the artery does not deliver blood with oxygen to the lower limb. Therefore, it will cause the tissue to die. Also, it is common in the toes, ankles, and feet.
It is a common health issue for people with high blood sugar. As a result, nerves will experience damages. Hence, it will reduce your sense of touch on your hands and feet. This condition can start with a small cut that can become infected over time. In severe cases, you will notice fluid and smelly odor.
Moreover, it is a sore common for a bedridden person. People who are unable to move will have it. It can develop because of too much pressure on the skin while lying down. Therefore, a person will start having it when there is poor blood flow.
People can have it in their arms or legs. It is caused by bacteria that can lead to permanent damage. Besides, it may lead to a lifetime inability to move.
3. Possible Causes
Each type of skin ulcer may have different causes. It may start with a simple skin discoloration of rashes. However, it can become serious when it starts to have a wound. The fowling are some causes according to different types of skin ulcers.
Same, as mentioned above, high blood sugar can cause damages to nerves. Once you lose your feeling on your feet or legs, you will not feel anything, even a cut. With high sugar, it prevents normal blood flow. Hence, it slows down the healing of your cut.
It is the narrowing of the arteries because of too much fat. Therefore, without enough blood supply, skin tissues will die and form a sore. Also, it is common for people with high sugar levels in the blood.
If you are staying in just one position for a long time, then pressure build-up. This pressure will harm blood vessels causing them to die. As a result, a person will develop sore.
4. Effective Treatments
When it comes to skin ulcer treatment, the main objective is to heal the wound first. Also, it is done to lessen the pain and gives comfort. Some of the treatments are:
A wound can become infected, so it is essential always to keep it clean. Cleaning the wound every day can help in faster healing. There are different types of dressing that one can use.
Hence, it depends on the wound and your doctor’s advice. For instance, hydrogel, moist dressing, one with collagen, and antimicrobial are some.
Listen to your doctor’s advice when it comes to cleaning instructions. Also, it is good to take note of the step on how to change it. Additionally, ask how many times you need to change it.
In the case of an infected wound, antibiotic is important. The doctor may give oral or in the form of an ointment. However, the doctor may still give medicine to prevent the wound from getting worse.
Part of ulcer treatment is to stop the pain. Changing of dressing is a painful part. The doctor can give medicine to lessen the pain, especially during this part. As the wound heals, it will be less painful.
Furthermore, a worse case can lead to surgery of the affected part. However, some types of skin ulcers are hard time treat. If it does not heal and become large, then there is a need for skin grafting. It will help close the wound. Also, surgery is useful to stop pressure.
5. Effective Home Remedies
If you have it, you can stop signs and feel comfortable at home. Hence, mild sore and wound are easier to treat using some natural remedies. Some of the best are those with antiseptic properties like turmeric and honey.