Alopecia is the medical term for hair loss. One of the causes of hair loss is hereditary. According to the American Academy of Dermatology, there are almost 80 million men and women who are experiencing hair loss. This is a worse hair loss condition that affects the hair in the entire body. It is a common problem in older adults but it can also occur in children. Hereditary hair loss can cause baldness due to excessive loss of hair. Another reason for hair loss is due to hormonal changes like pregnancy, childbirth, menopausal, and many more.
1. Family History or Hereditary
The most common hair fall reasons are related to aging. Genes play a major role in experiencing this condition. Androgenic alopecia is hereditary and can cause baldness in males and females. Male starts to lose hair from the temple and crown of the head while females can experience thinning of hair in the scalp.
One of the challenges women experience during pregnancy is excessive hair loss. The causes of hair loss in women during pregnancy are due to a decrease in estrogen levels. There is nothing to worry about because not like hereditary, hair loss it is only temporary and resolves within a year after giving birth. There are many remedies for hair loss such as the use of volumizing shampoo and conditioner, avoiding intensive conditioner, or use products that are suitable for your hair.
3. Telogen Effluvium
One of the causes of hair loss is telogen effluvium. It is only a temporary loss of hair due to some possible causes like severe stress, surgery, rapid weight loss, thyroid problems, or certain medications. Even if it’s only temporary, it can last for over some time and it is recommended to see a doctor for proper treatment.
4. Anagen Effluvium
One of the reasons for hair loss is Anagen Effluvium. It causes a large amount of hair to fall out during the anagen phase cycle of the hair. There are many causes of anagen effluvium including chemotherapy, radiation, fungal infections, and autoimmune disease.
5. Traction Alopecia
Another hair fall reasons are due to pulling hair and tight hairstyle that can cause to hair to break and come loose. It is called traction alopecia which is a medical term. Some of the causes include tight burns ponytails, braids, cornrows, and hair extensions. If it continues, a person can develop bald spots or hair thinning. In case of excessive hair fall, it is better to let loose of your hair and wait for it to dry before combing. Do not put rollers on your hair at night and short hair is applicable to avoid weight from pulling your hair. The only way to stop losing hair is to permanently stop pulling the hair back. Some of the most common symptoms to look out for are scalp redness, itching, scaling, bumps, and blisters with pus.
Medication is one of the causes of hair loss. Many medications have side effects that can cause excessive hair fall. Some examples of medications are blood thinners such as warfarin, anti-depressant including Prozac and Zoloft, cholesterol-lowering drugs such as Lopid. If hair fall occurs during medications, it is advisable to see a doctor for hair and scalp assessment.
7. Birth Control Pills
Using birth control has many side effects and one of these is hair fall. Taking birth control pills is one of the reasons for hair loss. To prevent hair loss while taking birth control, it is best to seek a physician’s advice to know the best birth control according to your needs and health condition. If you are already experiencing hair fall, you need to discuss it with your doctor so you can avoid pills with these side effects.
Ringworm can be the worst-case of hair fall. It is a fungal infection that can cause severe hair fall reasons. There are many symptoms of ringworm that includes hair becomes brittle and breaks easily, a small spot that gets bigger that can cause bald patches on the scalp, itchy and red patches of affected areas, and many more symptoms. When this ringworm occurs, it is best to immediately see a doctor to prescribe an antibiotic to prevent it from worsening.