Hypertension or high blood is one of the most common health problems around the world. The good thing is there are a lot of available medicines for this problem. It includes antihypertensive drugs and other treatment options. A person with high blood is at risk of having heart disease. That is why it is essential to track your blood pressure from time to time. To avoid the risk of heart attack that can lead to a stroke. When you notice that your blood pressure is way above normal, you can take antihypertensive drugs right away. These medicines will help lower your blood pressure.
There are a lot of options when it comes to blood pressure medicines that make it easier for patients. The following is a list of the safest and effective blood pressure medicines available on the market.
Eating salty foods is bad for the kidney. Hence, too much salt can cause high blood pressure. Consuming salty foods can also cause your body to retain water. It will remove the excess water and sodium from your body. Because of this, you will urinate more than usual. It also helps in lessening the fluids flowing around the body. Also, it is to lowers the pressure on your blood vessels. There are three types of diuretics to consider, but proper guidance from your doctor is important.
You can lose potassium while taking this medicine. It is vital for your muscle movement, and a loss of minerals can result in weakness. You can feel weak, leg cramps, and heart problems. If you are on this medication, your doctor will advise you to take potassium-rich foods, such as orange juice and bananas. These foods must be in your diet. However, some doctors might prescribe a potassium supplement to solve the problem.
2. Drug to Relax the Blood Vessel
ACE inhibitors can lower pressure by relaxing the blood vessels. It prevents the formation of angiotensin. It is a chemical that can narrow the blood vessels. When your blood vessels are narrow, it will make it more difficult for your blood to flow. This drug helps in lowering pressure by preventing the production of this hormone in your body.
3. Receptor Blockers
ARBs do not allow this chemical to perform its action as it prevents it from attaching to the receptors on the blood vessels. When the hormone starts to attach, the chances would be your blood pressure will get high. So, blocking the hormone from binding will open vessels and lower your blood pressure.
4. Calcium Channel Blockers
It is a medicine that prevents calcium from entering the cells of your heart and arteries. Therefore, it will allow your arteries to relax and open. Calcium increases the movement in your heart and blood vessels. That is why it is essential high blood pressure treatment.
Your body has a hormone called epinephrine, and it can cause your heart to beat slower with less force. This drug will stop this hormone. It will result in a much slower heart rate and force when pumping.
6. Renin Inhibitors
It is a substance that is a product of the kidney. It activates a series of steps that increases blood pressure. There is an inhibitor that helps in slowing down the production of renin.
Aside from the medications mentioned above, there are other high blood pressure treatments used to manage blood pressure.
The effectiveness of these drugs will depend on age, sex, race, blood pressure, and health condition. That is why it is good to know the right medicine that will work for you. Alongside taking medications, you should also start to change your lifestyle.
Avoid foods that can cause your blood pressure to rise. These include foods that are high in sodium and cholesterol. Start to exercise more and eat your green vegetables, especially when your family has a history of high blood pressure and stroke. Failing to do these things and monitoring your health can make you more at risk of stroke.