Our body can make its tissues and organs. However, there are instances it is hard for the body to do it. It is because of abnormal things that can happen inside the body, like diseases and trauma. As a result, tissues can die or become necrotic tissue. When it died, it is impossible for the body to bring it back to life. Also, it is not possible to even repair dead tissue. Therefore, when it happens, it can affect other parts of the body surrounding it.
It is the reason why tissue engineering becomes very important in the medical field. Hence, it is a process that uses functional tissues to help replace or repair damaged tissues in different parts of the body.
1. How it Start?
Tissue engineering is new, and studies started only in the 1980s. Hence, it was started by a scientist who is researching living tissues. He is Yuan-Cheng Fung and also founded a group to follow his works. Also, the group TERMIS, and they are doing studies about tissues and their relation to medicine. Likewise, it is about the ability of the body to heal on its own. Also, how the body can repair damages to bring back everything to its normal function.
2. The Purpose of this new technology
Necrotic tissue is a huge problem that is why experts want to find out how to solve it. Hence, this technology may help in organ repair to stop it from dying. It is also trying to find out more about stem cells and how it can help repair damage inside the body. Therefore, this area focuses on finding out how it can help patients with cancer, heart problems, and other health issues.
Moreover, experts can indeed find out the effect of new drugs in cells. Also, it is used to find out if it is effective in treating diseases.
3. The Process
The truth about it is that it is a very hard process. Hence, it uses 3D models of tissues and organs in the body. Therefore, to do it the right way, they are using imitation of organs. For instance, the liver, kidney, and lungs are some. They will grow an organ-like model.
4. Organ Models
Furthermore, these models are done using real cells in the body. It is essential when it comes to an organ donor. Also, the process involves combining or cells from an organ donor to the patient’s cells. Therefore, it is easier to know if the patient’s body will reject or match a particular organ. Hence, it is a beneficial process but costly for many.
Moreover, experts are also trying to cure the necrotic wound, especially in people with diabetes. Therefore, they can test new drugs and ways on how they can repair tissues from wounds. As a result, it can stop the wound from becoming serious, leading to the removal of the body part. Hence, the removal of the body part is the last option for people who develop severe wounds.
5. Uses of the Medical Field
Today, it is not a widely used treatment for patients. Hence, there are cases when the technology is the best treatment for necrotic wounds and for skin repair. However, test are not available in real large organs like the heart, lungs, and liver. There are some bad side effects of it, like being costly. Also, it requires a lot of time. That is why it is good to use for studies and testing of new drugs.
6. Helps in Cancer
Cancer cells are able to spread to other parts of the body easily. That is why it is one of the most common causes of death. Today, experts are trying to create models where tumor usually grows. Hence, it gives them ideas on the actual environment inside it. Therefore, they can make some changes in their makeup and see how it will affect the tumor.
Moreover, tissue engineering can become the future in treating a lot of health illnesses. Some experts believe that time will come we do not need medicine anymore. The body can rely on its natural way of healing by developing new and healthy cells.