We often see blackheads on the face. But it can also appear on the back. Blackheads are black bumps that form on top of your hair follicles. Glands under the hair follicle give off oil. Therefore, the oil helps in keeping the skin soft and protected. Also, dead skin cells come out from hair follicles. Once the oil and dead skin cells become excessive, it clogs the follicles. The clog leads to large blackheads on your back. If the spot is blocked, it turns into a whitehead. If the follicle is still open, the bump becomes a blackhead.
Blackheads are not pimples. They are a little bit raised. Unlike pimples, it is not painful. It is easy to see because of its dark color. Various factors add to the presence of blackheads.
1. Too Much Body Oil
You may have a large blackhead on your back due to too much oil. We, humans, need oil in our skin. That is why we have glands to produce it. But some of us give off too much body oil. One can get oily skin can come from genes. Therefore, if one of your parents has oily skin, you may have it too.
People who have larger pores tend to give off more oil. Having larger pores may be due to age, weight changes, and past breakouts. Living in hot and humid climates can make you produce too much oil.
A buildup of Propionibacterium acnes (P. acnes) may lead to acne. So, it may result in pimples, whiteheads, or blackheads on the back.
3. Irritation of Hair Follicle
There are times when dead skin cells don’t come out as often as they must. As it happens, hair follicles become irritated. As a result, it will form into a small bump.
4. Hormonal Changes
During puberty, teens undergo hormonal changes. At this point, their oil glands produce extra oil. That is why teenager hair may be shiny and oily. It is not only teens who experience too much oil. Women, while on period or taking birth control pills, produces more oil.
5. Certain Drugs
Taking drugs like corticosteroids or androgen may cause acne on the face and chest. So, it may also cause blackheads on the back and shoulders.
6. Dairy Products
Researchers suggest that cow’s milk may put your hormones off balance. So, it may lead to acne. There are theories about how dairy relates to acne. One of the theories states that a cow’s growth hormone in milk triggers acne. Some people who are lactose intolerant have an acne-related breakout after taking dairy.
Another theory is that taking milk products with refined foods disrupts insulin levels. This event makes the skin more likely to have acne.
How to Remover it Safely
If you have a large blackhead on your back, do not remove it on your own. Avoid picking, squeezing, and popping it. Doing so may lead to an infection.
To remove your blackheads on the back and shoulders, try:
- Salicylic acid. This cleanser removes dead skin cells and extra oil before they can clog your pores. Be careful in using cleansers. Choose a product that is not too harsh on your skin.
- Retinoid creams and lotions. These creams are made from vitamin A. It can remove the clog in your pores. It helps the body to make new skin cells.
- Extraction. If you want a fast and effective removal of blackheads, consult a doctor.
- Chemical peels. People use a chemical peel to enhance the appearance of sun damage and minor scars. But it can also help with some acne. This practice helps in unclogging pores and skin growth.
- Exfoliant. Lessen your blackheads on the back with an exfoliant. It will help in removing the clog in your pores. It will help in preventing acne. There are exfoliating scrubs and masks to remove the dead skin cells.
If you have an oily back, wash it twice a day. Use a gentle cleanser to prevent irritation and redness. You may have products at home that have oil. Switch to oil-free products for makeup, lotions, and sunscreen.
If you are not bothered with your blackheads, you may choose not to remove them. It is not harmful to have it. Go for a cleaner and gentle skincare routine.