It is a serious pain in the chest area because of the lack of oxygen-rich blood in your heart’s muscle. Some of the angina symptoms are a feeling of heartburn and a squeezing type of pain. Also, other angina symptoms include angina pain in the shoulders, arms, neck, jaw, and back. However, it is a common symptom that you would feel if you have a heart problem. It is essential to know more about it. Here are some of the essential facts that you need to know about it to help you.
1. Types of Angina
This type of chest pain happens very commonly than the other three types. A person who has this type of pain will experience tightness in the chest, which is a common determining factor of coronary heart disease. However, one can feel pain if there are physical exertion and stress. Aside from that, it can also be caused by eating heavy meals. Additionally, exposure to high temperatures and smoking can be one of the possible causes.
Whether you are at rest or doing physical activity, you will still feel chest pains. The pain may vary depending on how serious the problem is. Hence, it happens if there is a blockage in your heart’s arteries causing oxygen-rich blood to pass through. Also, men who are 45 years old and women 55 and older are most likely to have this illness. Unstable angina symptoms include chest pain, nausea, sweating, shortness of breath, and dizziness.
It is chest pain that lowers the blood flow to the heart. Therefore, it is not like stable angina. This type is hard to tell from the other types, not common. Usually, it happens when you are resting and is often very serious. As a result, one may have to take some medications to stop the pain.
Suppose you have problems with the small blood vessels in your heart muscles. Therefore, there is a chance of having this type of chest pain. Symptoms of this problem may vary from person to person.
2. Cause of Angina
Since angina is a symptom of coronary heart disease. Also, they have pretty much the same underlying causes.
- Fats and cholesterol in the blood
- High blood pressure
- High amounts of sugar in the blood
Moreover, plaque is the build-up of fats and bad cholesterol in your arteries. It can affect the flow of oxygen-rich blood to your heart.
To diagnose this problem, your doctor will do a physical examination. Hence, it includes checking your blood pressure and other tests. These tests include:
Blood tests check the levels of fats, cholesterol, sugar, and proteins in your blood. Abnormal results of the blood test will show that you are at risk of having heart disease.
Moreover, it is a simple test that tells and records the heart’s electrical activity. It will show how fast your heart is beating and check if it is beating steady or not.
During this test, you will exercise to make your heart work hard and beat fast. However, a doctor will also give you medication that will make your heart work harder.
Computed Tomography Angiography
This procedure uses dye and special x-rays to show the blood flow through the coronary arteries.
Suppose your doctor is suspecting that you have coronary heart disease. A dye and special x-rays are being used to see what is inside your coronary arteries. Also, a device is being inserted into your heart to put dye into your heart. Hence, it will allow your doctor to see the flow of blood into your bloodstream.
As a result, these tests will help your doctor know your heart better and tell which heart problem you have.
4. People at Risk
- High levels of cholesterol
- High blood pressure
- Insulin resistance
- Metabolic syndrome
- Lack of physical activity
- Unhealthy diet
- Older age
- Family history of heart disease
Prevention is always better than finding the best cure for a disease. Therefore, to prevent having this common disease, you have to make lifestyle changes. Also, if you think that you are at risk of having a heart problem, you have to change your lifestyle right away.
- Quit smoking and avoid secondhand smoke
- Avoid activities that can start angina pain
- Follow a healthy diet
- Be physically active
- Maintain a healthy weight
- Learn ways to handle stress
Furthermore, it is better to have a regular check-up from time to time to track your health. Above all, it is very important to monitor your health so that if there are any problems. Your doctor can detect it at an earlier stage.