Autism spectrum disorder is a known developmental condition or a psychological disorder that starts from childhood, impairs an individual in different areas like learning, language, and motor functions. ASD places difficulty on an individual’s behavior, especially with talking and socializing. In terms of physical appearance, persons with autism look like others. The way they acquire knowledge and interact with people is what sets them apart. Persons with autism vary in their capacity to learn and think. Some persons with autism have a high intellect, while some are mentally challenged. Some can live just fine on their own, while some may demand assistance in everyday life.
This article explains facts about Autism spectrum disorder.
1. Autism spectrum is categorized into three levels
Level 1 autism (comparable with Asperger’s syndrome), level 2 autism (similar to PDD-NOS), and level 3 autism (likened to autistic disorder) are the levels of ASD. Before creating DSM-5, these different levels were distinguished differently, but they are now identified to the same spectrum nowadays.
2. The Signs
Persons with ASD can show repetitive behaviors. They hate it when routines and activities change every day. People with autism react, learn, and attend differently. Signs of autism start from one’s early years, which they can carry until adulthood.
Signs of autism include disinterest at things that other people find fascinating. Individuals with autism also tend not to pay attention to objects that one point. Individuals with autism may also be uninterested with other persons or find it challenging to connect with them. Kids or adults with autism may like to be on their own and refrain from making eye contact with other people. Communicating their own emotions is challenging for them. Comprehending others’ feelings is as difficult.
Individuals with autism do not like being caressed or embrace other people just when they like. Persons with autism appear unconscious when others talk to them while they seem conscious of other stimuli within the surrounding. Persons with autism find it hard to speak or play with other kids, even when they like to. Persons with autism iterate words someone said to them. They tend to use these echoed terms instead of the usual words they can use. Familiar terms and actions used for conveying one’s needs are challenging for persons with autism. Games involving pretending are uncommon among kids with autism. For instance, they don’t pretend to be a doctor using a stethoscope, unlike other kids. Persons with autism might fail to retain the abilities they used to hold.
3. Behavior and Development Observations
The identification of autism is not possible using one specific test, making it challenging for experts. To know if someone has autism, psychiatrists observe the signs of autism via behavior and whether they follow the regular pattern of development for their age. Some kids as young as two years old can be identified with autism. Unfortunately, identification for many persons with autism happens later on in life. Early identification leads to early care, which is crucial for persons with autism.
4. No cure yet
Cure for ASD is nonexistent, but early care can improve autism symptoms. The intent of timely interventions is acquiring essential life skills. Interventions involve striding, speaking, and socializing. Once you see signs of autism in your kid, consulting your doctor right away is the best course of action. Even when not diagnosed with autism, kids under three years old can also receive intervention for the said skills if they experience normal development delays. Symptoms like delay in speech may need therapy even without autism identification.
5. Autism Roots
Autism spectrum disorder comes by various causes involving biological and environmental aspects. The chance of acquiring ASD can rely on one’s chromosomes. The is a high probability of a child getting ASD when he has a brother or sister with autism. Genetic illnesses like Fragile X syndrome puts people at a greater likelihood of acquiring ASD. When consumed by a pregnant mother, some prescription medications like valproic acid can cause autism. Specific periods relating to birth is considered crucial for acquiring autism. The heightened probability of acquiring autism is noted from kids born to old-age parents.