In 2018, measles killed over 140,000 people in the world. Hence, most of those who died are children under five years old. It is an infection caused by the rubeola virus. Likewise, it spreads fast from one person to another. People not immunized with a measles vaccine have a high chance of infection. Also, there is a 90 percent chance of infection to those exposed to the virus. So, an infected person can pass the virus on to 12-18 people.
To avoid more spread and infection, doctors used the MMR vaccine. MMR means measles, mumps, and rubella (German measles). Doctors use supportive treatment. Since it is a virus, you will not find any direct cure.
Five Effective Measles Treatment
During fever and sweating, the body loses fluids. Therefore, it results in dehydration. Make sure to drink plenty of water. It will help in balancing body temperature. For instance, water, fruit juice, or herbal tea will help in replacing fluids. Water is a must for those with a dry cough. As a result, it will lessen pain in dry throats. Warm drinks with honey and lemon will soothe cough and colds. Also, it will loosen mucus. Do not give honey to babies under one year old.
Moreover, there are fever-reducing and pain-killer agents. Use prescribed drugs that reduce high fever. The use of a substance like an analgesic will lessen the pain.
For young children, use liquid infant drugs. It is wiser to consult a doctor before taking these drugs.
These are drugs that treat bacterial infection. While someone has the virus, they can develop an infection. Use a prescribed antibiotic. Pneumonia is one of the possible infections.
Other possible measles treatment
4. Vitamin A
The lack of vitamin A is a factor for viral infection. Most people in developing countries lack vitamin A. So, they get higher cases of measles. The WHO suggests a daily dose of vitamin A. Hence, the intake must last two days for children.
FDA has not yet licensed this cure. But, usage results in a shorter hospital stay. It lessens problems and severe symptoms.
Before treatment, diagnosis is a must. An incorrect one can delay recovery and can harm the patient. Know the signs of measles.
Four stages of infection of the measles virus
1. Incubation period. In this stage, the people infected go around, not feeling the signs. So, they do not know that they are sick. Also, this stage lasts for 8-10 days.
2. Prodrome. This stage is where the feeling of unease comes. Fever occurs. The sick does not want to eat. The three signs that come together are
- Inflammation. It refers to swelling around the eye area.
- Coryza. It is the swelling in the nasal mucous membrane. Hence may result in a runny nose.
Other signs are Koplik spots. These are like grains of salt in a red background. Also, the spots are either whitish, grayish, or bluish. These spots show up 48 hours before the X anthem stage. This stage lasts between 2-8 days.
3. X anthem. This stage is when the rash appears. Hence, it starts from the head to toe. It does not show in palms and soles. However, forty-eight hours after the rash, a fever will occur and go down.
Mostly, resolution in symptoms does not occur after two days of rash. In such cases, there are higher chances of getting complications.
4. Recovery and immunity. After the body’s reaction toward the virus, expect recovery after a couple of weeks. Therefore, a person will get better after a month.
Furthermore, there are other clinical syndromes that the virus can cause, such as modified and typical measles. The modified type happens to someone immunized in the past. Unlike classic measles, this is less severe.
Typically, it can happen in those who did not have a complete vaccine. The old killed-virus measles vaccine does not give full immunity. If symptoms still occur after 3-5 days, further complications are:
- Giant cell pneumonia
- Hearing loss
- the severity of the infection
German measles is different from measles. It is milder, but it is a threat to pregnant women. Pregnant women who carry rubella can have a miscarriage. Therefore it can also result in giving birth to babies with congenital disabilities.