Bitter gourd is a type of vine similar to pumpkin, zucchini, cucumber, and squash. Actually, it is a fruit that you can cook with vegetables. It is a very popular fruit in Asian countries as part of their main dish. There are different types of it available, like the Indian and Chinese bitter gourd. Also, it has a pale to dark green color and rough skin. The skin of the fruit is not safe to eat. Aside from its popularity in the culinary world, you can also get bitter gourd benefits to health.
The fruit is the best source of nutrients and antioxidants that the body needs. Also, one can stay away from having some diseases by eating them regularly.
Moreover, despite its bitter taste, it is very rich in vitamin C. This nutrient is important for a healthy body. Likewise, it can prevent people from getting sick, and it helps in fast wound healing.
On the other hand, it is also a good vitamin A source for better skin and eye health. Pregnant mothers can eat it to get the right amount of folate. This nutrient is very important to develop a healthy baby inside the womb. Hence, it has an ingredient that can fight free radicals.
2. Decrease Blood Sugar
Bitter gourd benefits those with high blood sugar levels. This fruit has been used by people in the past as medicine for health issues related to diabetes. Today, many studies show that it has a positive effect on decreasing sugar in the blood. Eating it can improve how the body produces insulin. However, it needs more studies with humans. It is to prove its benefit in lowering sugar levels.
2. Fights Cancer Cells
Many studies show that it has an ingredient that is effective in fighting cancer cells. For instance, a test tube study shows that it kills cancer in the colon and stomach. Another one shows its effectiveness in stopping the spread of breast cancer. Therefore, it is effective in killing and stop the growth of bad cells. However, these studies use pure extra from bitter gourd. It needs more studies on bitter gourd nutrition when consumed in a regular diet.
3. Decrease Bad Cholesterol
High fat can clog arteries that are not good for the heart. Hence, it can cause the heart to work harder than normal. As a result, one can develop heart diseases in the long run. A study in rats shows that pure extract from the fruit can decrease bad fat. However, most studies are from animals. Therefore, it needs more outcomes from human studies.
4. Stop Weight Gain
Bitter gourd nutrition can help people who want to lose weight. It is very low in calories but high in fiber. That is why it is recommended for those who are trying to shed a large amount of weight. The fiber passes through the stomach slowly. Therefore, one can feel full longer and avoid overeating.
Furthermore, some studies relate it to fat burning. A study shows its positive effect on decreasing fat belly. However, most studies use a higher amount of extract. So, it needs more studies about how eating the fruit can help in losing weight. However, some observational studies show that bitter gourd juice benefits in losing weight.
5. Easily Adds in the Diet
It is a fruit that works well with other vegetables and fruits as well. The first thing to do is to wash it thoroughly. Cut it according to the type of dish you are going to cook. Typically, people cut it in lengthwise. Also, it is important to scoop out the seeds in the middle using a spoon.
One can enjoy it raw in a salad or cooked using different recipes. Hence, one can also choose to get bitter gourd juice benefits. You can make a smoothie with the use of a blender. The good thing about making a beverage out of it is that you can take of its nutrients. Some of the important nutrients are lost during the cooking process.
Many prefer to eat it cooked to lessen the bitter taste. However, its bitter taste is what makes it nutritious than other fruits. Also, ask your doctor’s advice before taking a large amount of bitter gourd, especially if you are taking some medications.