Seizures come about due to abnormal electrical activities of the body’s most multiplex organ, the brain. This abnormal activity results in abrupt and notable symptoms. A grave seizure shows aggressive trembles and impaired ability to steer one’s body, while light seizures could indicate a threatening health problem. Hence, being aware of them is beneficial. On several occasions, seizures have no manifestations.
Types of Attacks
Various types of seizures could result in physical damage, like wounds and bruises. Therefore, it is crucial to ask for medical advice when one encounters them. Indications of seizure might worsen if one could not receive a proper intervention, and enduring it can result in a persistent vegetative state that shows no sign of being aware of their surroundings that can lead to death.
Seizures may root from many different medical issues. Everything that impacts one’s body can affect the brain as well, resulting in seizures. Usual toot cause of this condition includes strangulation, liquor, drug withdrawal, epilepsy, high fever, hypertension, electric shock, infections and injuries of the brain, substance abuse, trauma to the head, and many more.
This article explains the types of seizures that might happen to anyone.
1. Focal Onset Seizure
Partial onset, also called focal onset seizures, happens on a single portion of the brain. When someone is conscious of their seizure, this is referred to as focal onset seizure, while if you are unconscious of its occurrence, it is called a focal impaired awareness seizure. Focal seizures can manifest through muscular spasms, abnormal head and eye motions, stomach aches, a fast pulse rate, and cramps in just half of the body.
2. Generalized Onset Seizure
This kind of seizure begins in the two brain hemispheres concurrently. The common types of generalized onset seizures are absence, atonic, and tonic-clonic seizures.
A. Tonic-Clonic Seizure
Grand mal seizure or tonic-clonic seizure results in unconsciousness and wild muscular spasms that may endure for a couple of minutes. The term tonic means tightening of muscles while the word clonic denotes upper and lower limbs’ twitching when the episode occurs. A tonic-clonic seizure is a seizure form that the majority of individuals imagine regarding seizures. Tonic-clonic is usually the result of epilepsy. Occasionally, this seizure can be prompted by some health issues like raging fever, stroke, and hypoglycemia.
Several cases of grand mal seizure happened only once per individual and did not require therapeutic intervention. However, individuals who experience repeated attacks should seek medical care like taking prescription drugs to impede potential occurrence later on.
B. Absence Seizure
Petit-mal seizures or absence seizure is a generalized onset seizure that brings an individual to blink frequent times and be lost in thought. This type of seizure endures for just a couple of seconds, and for bystanders who see, one appears to be staring into space.
C. Atonic Seizure
“Drop attacks” or atonic seizures also have fleeting episodes that endure for roughly fifteen seconds. When this seizure attacks, the muscles unexpectedly hobble. One’s head can bob, or the whole body can collapse to the floor.
3. Febrile Seizure
The convulsion experienced by children during a very high fever is known as a febrile seizure. The temperature rise is typically caused by infection. Febrile seizures may strike children with normal growth without any sensory symptoms shown in their medical history. Symptoms of febrile seizure comprise of shaking, stiffness, and unconsciousness.
Although febrile seizure is terrifying, this is commonly not life-threatening and not pointing out severe health issues. Still, seek your physician’s advice if your kid has seizures to have them assessed as early as possible.
4. Unknown Onset Seizure
Several cases of seizures have unseen onsets. For instance, one can rise at midnight and notice that their spouse is under a seizure episode. Unknown onset seizure is uncategorized since experts lack data on how they begin. Unknown onset seizures can involve both focal onset and generalized onset that can come about simultaneously or one after the other. Episodes may endure between a couple of seconds up until fifteen minutes.
In some cases, symptoms begin before the seizure attack. Symptoms comprise anxiety attacks, nausea, headache, lightheadedness, abnormal vision, twitchy upper and lower limbs that prompt inability to handle objects, and a sense of being outside one’s own body.