Binge drinking means drinking too much alcohol. For men, it would be drinking five drinks in less than 2 hours. While for women, it is four drinks in less than 2 hours. Hence, this drink refers to 12 oz. of beer, 5 oz. of wine, or 1.5 oz. for liquor. Also, most people drink to have fun or increase in power. Others do it to escape problems in life. However, too much drinking has its downside.
1. High Blood Pressure
Binge drinking can raise your blood pressure. People with high blood pressure must stop drinking too much. Hence, a high BP may lead to a heart attack or stroke. Therefore, it damages arteries and stops blood from flowing to the heart muscle. Later, it can cause blood vessels in the brain to clog or burst.
Aside from heart attack and stroke, high blood pressure may cause:
- Heart disease or failure
- Kidney failure
- Vision loss
- Problems with sexual response
2. Social Isolation
Moreover, binge drinkers tend to isolate themselves from other people. The alcohol problem may seem simple. Also, it is as dangerous as high blood pressure. Humans are social beings. Therefore, connection with people allows us to live. Social isolation increases a person’s risk of premature death.
3. Trouble Sleeping
Binge drinkers may have symptoms of insomnia before going to bed. Hence, if a person always drinks, it may lead to a vicious cycle.
4. Mental Health Problems
A person who binges drinks is likely to show signs of depression and anxiety. Also, these mental issues may lead to self-harm or suicide.
5. Loss of Brain Volume in Young People
Alcohol has a big effect on brain structure. A study found that brain volume decreased due to binge drinking. Hence, the decrease is about .25% for every increase in the drinking category.
6. Weakened Immune System
Drinking too much has bad effects on the body. Therefore, it can affect immune cells in key organs. Also, it makes it hard for the immune system to fight off harmful germs. So, the risk of getting serious infections is high.
For example, alcohol damages immune cells and fine hairs in the lungs. These two have the important job of keeping germs out of the airway. So, virus-like COVID-19 can easily enter the cells.
7. Liver Problems
Another alcohol problem is liver disease. Hence, binge drinking can result in the liver becoming swollen and inflamed. The damage may lead to scarring known as cirrhosis. Additionally, this scarring is the final stage of liver disease. About 10 to 15% of American heavy drinkers develop this disease. Liver failure can be fatal.
Earlier, we knew that high blood pressure might cause a stroke. Still, many factors can increase this risk. Binge drinking increases the risk of having these factors:
- Being overweight
- Irregular heartbeat
- Liver damage
These conditions are risk factors for stroke.
9. High Risk of Cancer
Binge drinking raises the risk of having cancer in the:
- Mouth and throat
- Colon and rectum
These risks apply to all types of drinks: red and white wine, beer, cocktails, and liquor links with cancer.
For pregnant women, what she drinks passes through the placenta and to the baby. So, it does affect not only her but also the baby. Also, the liver is the last organ that develops among babies. Likewise, the baby cannot process the drink like how the mother does. As a result, it will affect their growth.
Drinking alcohol increases the risk of:
- stillbirth, and low birth weight of the baby.
Furthermore, binge drinking disrupts normal brain function. Hence, it triggers anger or violence. It can also lead a person to act with a violent impulse. Related crimes are assault, child abuse, and marital violence.
12. Alcohol-related Deaths
Alcohol is the third cause of death in the United States. Worldwide, there are 3 million deaths per year due to alcohol abuse. Also, these deaths result from the dangers said above.
Moreover, it does not only affect your physical health. It also destroys social and mental health. If you already have the diseases written above, consult a doctor. Drink in moderate amounts. If you think that you are binge drinking, search for risks and causes of alcoholism.
It may be likely for you to have alcohol use disorder if you:
- Have low self-esteem
- Have a high level of stress
- Live in a place where drinking is common
- Have a relative with alcohol abuse
- Are under peer pressure
Most causes of alcoholism relate to the self and society. Know what makes you at risk to avoid the dangers of binge drinking.